Assessments and therapies
At bibic we use two types of assessment. A child’s age and abilities will determine which one is used.
For children with a developmental age of 5 and under
This assessment is based upon key skills and developmental milestones for different age ranges and covers typical development from birth to five years.
We use the Schedule of Growing Skills (SGS) which is based firmly on the well-respected work of Dr Mary Sheridan and has been nationally standardised. It is a recognised and credible assessment. A child’s skills are measured against typical development for their age. This assessment is carried out through play and observation and may include some structured activities.
We also assess sensory processing skills using the Sensory Profiles by Winnie Dunn Ph.D., OTR, FAOTA.
We aim to look at development as a whole, and therefore the areas covered in a developmental assessment are:
- Vision (visual function and visual comprehension)
- Gross motor (passive postural skills, active postural skills, locomotor skills)
- Fine motor (manipulative skills)
- Hearing and language (hearing function, comprehension of language)
- Speech and language (vocalisation, expressive language)
- Interactive social skills (social behaviour, play)
- Self-care social (feeding, toileting and dressing)
- Sensory processing (how the brain registers, interprets and uses information from the sensory systems – these include sight, hearing, touch, smell, body awareness and balance)
Parents/ carers are given a copy of the Schedule of Growing Skills profile sheet to take home with them so that they can clearly see the developmental levels their child has reached. The bibic therapist will also give a full verbal explanation of the results during the assessment.
At reassessment, the therapist will revisit the Schedule of Growing Skills checking previous results and recording progress.
For children with a developmental age of 6 and over
We have a wide range of recognised and standardised tests to select from in order to carry out an assessment. These tests are considered highly reliable and valid and enable us to compare a child’s ability to their peer group and accurately measure progress.
We aim to look at development as a whole, and therefore the areas that may be covered in the assessment are:
- Underlying ability (IQ and non-verbal reasoning skills)
- Language comprehension (understanding)
- Expressive language (speech)
- Working memory (the ability to hold information in your mind whilst carrying out an activity e.g. listening to someone talk whilst taking notes)
- Visual perception skills (the way your brain interprets visual information)
- Motor skills (movement – for example balance, coordination and handwriting)
- Visual motor integration (the ability to use visual and motor skills together)
- Academic skills (Reading, spelling, maths, sentence reading comprehension)
- Sensory processing (this refers to how the brain registers, interprets and uses information from the sensory systems – these include sight, hearing, touch, smell, body awareness and balance)
A therapist will use their discretion as to which specific tests to use dependent on a child’s abilities, presenting difficulties and their parents’/carers’ main concerns.
Parents/carers are given a full verbal explanation of the test results and how this may be impacting upon their child’s development. These results are then included in a comprehensive report following the assessment.
At reassessment, the therapist may revisit tests previously completed to measure progress, or they may carry out additional tests dependent on parents’/carers’ main concerns.
bibic is not a diagnostic service, however, there are times when it may be relevant to carry out a screening assessment for a particular condition. This screening will not provide a diagnosis, but it will give an indicator of the likelihood of the condition being present, and may therefore provide some insight into a child’s difficulties. This may support parents/carers to gain additional investigation into their child’s condition.
The screeners currently used at bibic cover the following areas:
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Asperger syndrome
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)